FAMOUS PEOPLE BORN IN PORTSMOUTH C-D
The Portsmouth Hall of Fame displays the details of some of Portsmouth's famous residents, some of who were born in Portsmouth and others who lived and worked in the City. Portsmouth has a wealth of famous people both past and present, these include writers, politicians, sports personalities and musicians.
If you know of someone who you feel should be included on these pages, but is missing, then please send us an email to email@example.com and let us know the details.
JAMES CALLAGHAN (PRIME MINISTER)
Leonard James (Jim) Callaghan (1912 - 2005) was born at Funtington Road in Copnor and was brought up in poor circumstances, the son of a naval chief petty officer of Irish descent. He attended Northern Grammar School, he left school at 16, although he passed the Senior Oxford Certificate exam he could not afford to attend University opting to become a clerk for the Inland Revenue at Maidstone in Kent. Whilst working for the Inland Revenue he joined the Maidstone branch of the Labour Party. In 1932 he became the Kent branch secretary of the Association of the Officers of Taxes (AOT), in 1933 he he was elected to the AOT's national executive council.
In 1940 at the start of World War 2, Callaghan tried to join the Royal Navy but was turned down due to being in a reserved occupation, he later joined the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve in 1942. He spent some time working for the Admiralty in Whitehall and later served in the Royal Navy East Indies Fleet.
Callaghan was elected MP for Cardiff South in 1945 he rose through the ranks being appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport in 1947, in November 1961, Callaghan became Shadow Chancellor. When Harold Wilson resigned as Labour leader and Prime Minister in 1976, Jim Callaghan took over, beating Michael Foot in a ballot of MPs. After losing the 1979 general election to Margaret Thatcher's Conservatives, he remained as Labour leader for another year, before handing over to Michael Foot.
Callaghan died on 26 March 2005 at Ringmer, East Sussex.
HOUSTON STEWART CHAMBERLAIN
Houston Stewart Chamberlain was born on the 9th September 1855 in Southsea.
His father Rear Admiral William Charles Chamberlain, RN and his mother Eliza Jane both died before he was a year old and he was brought up by his grandmother in France.
At the age of eleven he was sent to boarding school at Cheltenham College an experience he did not enjoy, felling lonely and out of place. Chamberlain lived much of his life in Europe, in Geneva he studied botany, geology and astronomy. He settled in Dresden, Germany and loved the music of Richard Wagner. In 1889 he moved to Austria where his views no race and Teutonic supremacy started to develop.
In 1899 he published The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century describing two master races - Jews and Germans - the Jews however are described as a negative race standing between the Germans and their destiny of mastering the world. It is thought that this work was used by Adolf Hitler as the basis of the Third Reich anti-semitic philosophy. In 1908 he married Eva Wagner, the composer's daughter. Chamberlain died in 1927.
GEORGE VICAT COLE
Born 17th April 1833 in Portsmouth, George Vicat Cole was an important landscape painter, he painted English lanscape scenes in a naturalistic style popular in the mid nineteenth century.
He was taught by his father George Cole, also a landscape painter, he incorporated his mothers maiden name Vicat into his surname to distinguish himself from his faters name and avoid confusion.
In 1854 George Vicat Cole had his first painting displayed at the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, his work gradually became more popular and in 1870 he became an Associate of the Royal Academy and in 1880 he became a Member of the Royal Academy.
Born May 7th 1949 in Portsmouth, Marilyn Cole was Playboy magazine's January 1972 Playmate of the Month, as well as 1973s Playmate of the Year, the only Briton to hold that title.
After leaving school Marilyn had several jobs in the Portsmouth area working at the Portsmouth Central Telephone Exchange and the Portsmouth Co-op Fuel Office.
She worked as a Bunny from 1971 - 1974 at the London Playboy Club and was chosen by Victor Lownes to be photographed for the Playboy Magazine. For some time she was involved with Roxy Music singer Bryan Ferry and appears on the cover of Roxy Music's album, Stranded.
In 1984, she married Playboy executive Victor Lownes and associate of Hugh Hefner owner of the Playboy business.
SIR BARRY CUNLIFFE
Sir Barrington Windsor Cunliffe, CBE, was born December 10th 1939 in Portsmouth. Known as Barry Cunliffe, he was Professor of European Archaeology at the University of Oxford from 1972 to 2007.
Barry attended Portsmouth Northern Grammar School and went on to read archaeology and anthropology at the University of Cambridge. He made his name in the excavations at Fishbourne Roman Palace, but became an authority on the Iron Age through work on the Danebury hillfort.
Sir Barry Cunliffe has served on a variety of public bodies in the Archaeology sector, the Ancient Monuments Board, Museum of London, British Museum, Mary Rose Trust and the Council for British Archaeology. He has published numerous books on archaeology and also presented the Radio 4 programme, 'Age to Age'. He was knighted in 2006.
Charles Dickens, the son of John and Elizabeth Dickens, was born in Landport, at 387, now 393 Old Commercial Road Portsmouth, on 7th February 1812. John Dickens worked as a clerk at the Navy pay office in Portsmouth.
In 1833 Dickens had his first story published in the Monthly Magazine. Using the pen-name of 'Boz', Dickens also began contributing short stories to the Morning Chronicle and the Evening Chronicle. These stories were so popular that they were collected together and published as a book entitled Sketches by Boz (1836).
The publisher, William Hall, now commissioned Dickens to write The Pickwick Papers in twenty monthly installments. This was followed by Oliver Twist, published in Bentley's Miscellany (1837-38) and Nicholas Nickleby (1838-39), also published monthly. Read more here about Charles Dickens and the birthplace museum in Portsmouth.
Sarah Doudney was born 15th January 1841 in Portsea, where her family ran candle and soap business.
Sarah was a poet and novelist and is probably best known as a childrens writer. Her works include, Psalms for Life, 1871, a collection of 60 hymns, Under Grey Walls 1871, Where Swallows Build, Girl's Own Paper 1898, Thy Heart's Desire 1888, Katherine's Keys 1896 and The Vanished Hand 1896. She died on the 8th December 1926 in Oxford.
SIR AURTHUR CONAN DOYLE
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes was born in Edinburgh May 22, 1859.
Conan Doyle studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, one of his teachers Dr. Joseph Bell was said to possess extreme instincts of observation, logic, deduction, and diagnosis, all characteristics later to be found in the character Sherlock Holmes.
In 1882 he came to Portsmouth and set up his first practice at 1 Bush Villas, 41 Elm Grove, he was a member of Portsmouth (North End) Cricket Club and Southsea Bowling Club and in 1884 he was a founder member of Portsmouth Football Club and played for the club as goalkeeper.
His large body of work includes poetry, plays, historical fiction, commentary on social and legal reform, war and military chronicles, enthusiastic articles on various sport, and finally writings on behalf of Spiritualism.
Helen Duncan was a Scottish spiritualist, she is best know as the last person to be tried for Witchcraft in England as the act was repealed in 1951.
Duncan held a seance in Portsmouth in November 1941 and predicted the sinking of HMS Barham. The sinking of HMS Barham had not been announced to the public and the Royal Navy carried out an investigation into the leak. On the 19th Jan 1944 during seance at a Copnor Road, Chemist Shop, she was arrested by undercover policemen in attendance and was charged with conspiracy to contravene the Witchcraft Act of 1735. Co conspirators Ernest and Elizabeth Homer, who operated the Psychic centre in Portsmouth, and Frances Brown her agent, were also charged.
Helen Duncan was imprisoned for nine months, Frances Brown for four months and the Homers were bound over.
Born 22nd January 1963 in Portsmouth, actress Nicola Duffet remains best known for two long-running soap opera roles.
After appearing as Debbie Bates in EastEnders from 1993 to 1995 she went into the role of boozy floozie Cat Matthews in Family Affairs. Cat first appeared in Family Affairs in late 1998 and has been a key character in the show's story lines ever since.
Prior to her success in soap opera Duffet played a key role, that of Mrs Bast, in Ismail Merchant and James Ivory's 1992 film adaption of Howards End.
Nicola recently appeared in ITV's drama Deep Water which was adapted from the Windermere series of novels by Paula Daly, she played aunt Jackie.
Read more about famous people with a Portsmouth connection here, Spike Edney to Brian Howe.